Seventeen aid agencies working in Yemen are urging for the complete and unconditional opening of Hodeïda Port to allow for the uninterrupted flow of food and fuel. A thirty-day concession period enabling the delivery of commercial supplies has brought only brief reprieve within the context of a sustained blockade on Yemen’s Red Sea Ports. Parties to Yemen’s conflict have a responsibility to minimise the impact of war on civilians in Yemen by mitigating all factors that exacerbate death and suffering, as over 8 million people are already on the verge of starvation.
Thirty days is an insufficient period in which to halt and reverse the damage done to Yemen’s food markets during November and December. Both humanitarian and commercial cargo has been discharged at Yemen’s Red Sea Ports since the Saudi-led Coalition announced a temporary opening of the ports to commercial vessels on December 20. However, uncertainty for shipping companies, importers, and vendors about what will happen beyond this period is serving to sustain inflation that makes food unaffordable for most Yemeni people. While there has been a welcome increase in food imports during the concession period, less than 25 percent of the fuel typically expected to come through the Red Sea Ports is currently coming into Yemen. Prices of key commodities have barely reduced since the blockade was first imposed, compounding overwhelming food insecurity across the country.
The flow of supplies getting into Yemen must be extended and improved to shift the circumstances driving widespread hunger, disease, and suffering across the country. Shane Stevenson, Oxfam’s Country Director in Yemen, said: “If Hodeïda Port is shut down again, millions of Yemenis will suffer without the food, fuel ,and clean water they need to survive. All parties to this seemingly never-ending war are playing with fire and need to stop callously jeopardising people's lives.”
The blockade on all of Yemen’s entry points in November 2017 by the Saudi-led coalition led to dramatic food and fuel shortages, and related price increases that have deprived people of access to clean water, food, and health care. More than one million suspected cases of cholera have been identified in Yemen, and hundreds are now affected by diphtheria. A continued blockade, or lack of action to ensure sustained certainty of imports, will push Yemen over the edge with irreversible consequences.
Tamer Kirolos, Save the Children’s Country Director in Yemen said: "Millions of Yemenis are in urgent need of food, medicines and fuel which can be shipped through Hodeïda Port if the SLC blockade is fully lifted and the port works at its full capacity. The entire country is struggling for survival and children are, as always, the worst affected. There is no viable alternative to a fully functioning and accessible Hodeïda Port. Plans or deals by any party to the conflict that ignore this fact will only deepen the misery of the Yemeni people and hinder the work of the humanitarian community to save lives and alleviate suffering.”
The reported impending delivery of new cranes to Hodeïda is a welcome sign of goodwill, and a positive step to increasing capacity at Yemen’s most vital port. To continue this progress, the undersigned agencies now call on the Coalition to extend this further, by opening Hodeïda Port without conditions or timeframes that impinge on the flow of critical commercial supplies. We reiterate how critical Yemen’s Red Sea ports are to ensuring the flow of supplies is as quick, cost-effective, and secure as possible; no other ports have the capacity to replace the function of Hodeïda. We call on the international community to speak up and take responsibility for ensuring people in Yemen can access enough food to survive. It is beyond time to apply all diplomatic pressure to push the parties to make the humane choices needed to end this conflict.
Action Against Hunger shared this statement in coordination with: ACTED, CARE International, Danish Refugee Council, Global Communities, International Rescue Committee, INTERSOS, Medecins du Monde, Mercy Corps, Norwegian Refugee Council, Oxfam, Relief International, Save the Children, Search for Common Ground, Vision Hope International, War Child UK, and ZOA.