Sowing the Seeds of Good Nutrition; Peru Case Study: Reconciling Agriculture and Nutrition

Peruvian agriculture occupies 15.9 million people, meaning 24.4% of the country’s economically active population. Participation in the market is extremely varied, ranging from major companies investing in irrigation agriculture for agro-export in the Costa region to peasant farming in the Sierra, usually aimed rather at produce for the domestic market. Agriculture produces 70% of the population’s calorie intake and 75% of proteins consumed, particularly through the production of rice, potatoes, cassava and sugar, but also milk products, eggs, meat and pulses. The Peruvian Government has taken a proactive approach in addressing malnutrition having included it in the political agenda at the beginning of the 2000s. The government has made malnutrition one of the priorities of social policies and has implemented and overseen a series of multisectoral social programmes, while creating numerous other institutions to tackle the issue of malnutrition. The Government continues to be involved in ending undernutrtion, and more recently the Ministry of Agriculture (MINAG) has also joined fight.