If a famine occurs, aid groups send food. If there's a war, they set up health clinics.
But what to do in event of a massive cyberattack? A new disease epidemic?
A July report from Action Against Hunger has an alarming message for the aid community: adapt or be left in the dust.
"The way in which the humanitarian sector has been operating leaves continued need," says Eilidh Kennedy, an author of the report published by Action Against Hunger. "We're proposing a new way for NGOs to see their role. What do we need to be able to continue operating in the future?"
That question led Kennedy and her team of researchers to identify 23 areas of concern.