Human Development Index
124 (out of 188 countries ranked)
People Helped in 2020: 219,873
People Reached by Nutrition and Health Programs
People Reached by Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Programs
People Reached by Food Security and Livelihoods Programs
Please note: Action Against Hunger's programs in Nicaragua, Guatemala, and Honduras are managed by the Central American Regional Office. The summary and figures on this page reflect our work in all three countries.
Nicaragua, one of the poorest countries in Central America, has been contending for decades with issues around access to basic sanitation, high rates of chronic child malnutrition, and its vulnerabilities to natural disasters. Action Against Hunger has been working in the country since 1996, setting up programs focused on food security, nutrition, health, water, and other basic services. We implement programs that recognize the importance of active participation of both the people we serve and of civil society in defining priorities and following through with action.
In recent years, there have been constant changes in weather patterns in Central America. Recurrent periods of drought have had devastating effects on food and nutrition security and access to water. In the Dry Corridor region, which includes Nicaragua and Honduras, drought events have been damaging and are eroding the fragile livelihoods of families that are especially exposed.
At the end of 2020, two top-category hurricanes devastated large areas of Nicaragua, Guatemala, and Honduras, leaving 5.3 million people with humanitarian needs. The COVID-19 pandemic has aggravated the social and humanitarian situation by increasing unemployment and extreme poverty. In March, the closure of schools affected learning and school breakfast programs. In Guatemala, the Ministry
of Health recorded 28,000 cases of children under the age of five with acute malnutrition, doubling the 2019 figures.
In 2020, Action Against Hunger coordinated the work of a dozen international and local NGOs to provide food assistance to 97,154 people in Guatemala, Nicaragua, Honduras, and El Salvador. We distributed COVID-19 hygiene and prevention kits that have benefitted 35,401 people, and strengthened hydro-sanitary systems that supply water to about 150,000 inhabitants across a dozen Guatemalan municipalities.
We distributed hygiene and prevention kits to 1,200 Guatemalan migrants affected by hurricanes Eta and Iota in Nicaragua, Honduras, and Guatemala with our teams able to provide safe water to more than 5,000 people in the first weeks after the disasters. In less than 45 days after the declaration of the pandemic, our teams were trained and equipped to apply strict protocols to minimise the risks of spreading COVID-19.
UNESCO approved the first Geopark in Central America, which launched a dozen micro-enterprises linked to the agri-food sector and tourism, with our support. These are providing an alternative livelihood for more than 50 families, headed by women, in one of the poorest regions of Nicaragua.