Human Development Index
163 (out of 188 countries ranked)
People Helped in 2019: 257,385
People Reached by Nutrition and Health Programs
People Reached by Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Programs
People Reached by Food Security and Livelihoods Programs
Years of political instability and recurring natural disasters have kept Haiti in an impoverished tailspin, placing one seemingly insurmountable obstacle after another in their path to development, with some 55% of the Haitian population currently living below the poverty line.
More than half of Haiti’s total population is chronically food insecure, and 22 percent of children are chronically malnourished. Underlying drivers of this situation include extreme poverty and frequent natural disasters. On the 2017 Climate Risk Index, Haiti is ranked third among the countries most affected by extreme weather events. Action Against Hunger improved the nutritional status of pregnant and lactating women and children by distributing preventive rations and food vouchers, in addition to promoting healthy behavior change. We also strengthened the technical and material capacity of the Ministry of Health to improve the country’s health centers.
Political tensions in Haiti continued and worsened in 2019. Corruption, inflation, gang activity, and fuel shortages sparked regular mass protests. Blockades, demonstrations, and violence were common, forcing the country to standstill episodes known as “Peyi Lock” in February, July and from September-November 2019, hampering food and nutrition security and access to healthcare, education, and water.
Persistent drought has considerably impacted agriculture. Farmers in the Low Northwest Department have experienced extended lean periods with fewer rainy seasons and annual production nearly cut in half. IPC analysis, released in October 2019, found that 3.67 million people were acutely food insecure. Around the country, global acute malnutrition increased from 4.6% in 2012 to 6% in 2019 and global chronic malnutrition is estimated at 22.7%.
In 2019, Action Against Hunger provided cash transfers to 5,822 families to reduce food insecurity. We trained 201 Lead Mothers in improved nutrition practices and how to detect undernutrition early - these Lead Mothers subsequently trained 19,289 vulnerable people. Our teams built or rehabilitated 95 latrines in 16 schools, benefitting 168 teachers and 4124 students. Additionally, we rehabilitated 18 water points in cholera-prone areas and distributed 39,331 hygiene kits.
Since cholera emerged in Haiti, Action Against Hunger has been heavily involved in eradication efforts in Artibonite and Northwest Departments. Our teams respond to suspected cases quickly, promote healthy hygiene and safe sanitation, and work to create a market for locally manufactured and purchased water treatment products. The last confirmed case of cholera in Haiti was reported in February 2019.