Human Development Index
181 (out of 188 countries ranked)
People Helped in 2020: 558,079
People Reached by Nutrition and Health Programs
People Reached by Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Programs
People Reached by Food Security and Livelihoods Programs
In July 2011, South Sudan achieved independence from the Republic of Sudan and became the world’s newest country. It has vast oil reserves, and comprises one of the richest agricultural areas in Africa, despite having struggled for more than two decades with war and extreme poverty. Although its independence was celebrated around the world with great hope, South Sudan is desperately underdeveloped, with very little basic infrastructure for education, health systems, safe water, functioning markets, or paved roads. About 80 percent of the population live in rural areas and rely on livestock and subsistence farming to survive.
Due to cumulative effects of prolonged conflict, COVID-19, chronic vulnerabilities, and weak essential services, South Sudan remains in crisis, with 7.24 million people expected to face severe acute food insecurity in 2021 and 2.5 million people one step from famine. The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted supply chains and led to restrictions on movement and markets, affecting the delivery of humanitarian aid and reducing both market functionality and the ability to purchase food due to high prices.
Action Against Hunger prevents hunger and treats malnourished children under five, pregnant women, and breastfeeding mothers. It is often the only organisation providing lifesaving health and nutrition services in hard-to-reach areas of South Sudan.
In 2020, to improve food security and prevent malnutrition, our teams supported more than 5,000 farmers with training and tools to grow nutritious crops, helped vulnerable people gain access to income and work, and provided food baskets to families affected by flooding and the pandemic. We also rehabilitated 15 water points, built 792 latrines, distributed 1,523 hygiene kits and held 1,152 hygiene-promotion sessions. We adapted our programs to adhere to country-wide COVID-19 protocols, and raised awareness of the virus and how to prevent its spread.
Our emergency teams supported 43 mobile nutrition posts and three nutrition treatment centers, rehabilitated
33 water points, constructed 28 latrines in public spaces, distributed key water, sanitation, and hygiene supplies, trained people on vegetable farming and fishing, and provided psychosocial support. They also carried out nutrition surveys to provide essential data on the state of hunger in South Sudan.
I interacted with and witnessed the needs of the most vulnerable communities in South Sudan. It isn’t easy to be a humanitarian worker. But to me, it is a privilege. Many people have nowhere to turn, if not to humanitarian aid. Their expectations—and the sense of responsibility we feel—are huge.”
—Victor Mallelah, Action Against Hunger Emergency Nutrition Survey Program Manager, South Sudan