People Helped in 2018: 373,183
Gripped by recurring droughts, chronic food shortages, and over 20 years of nearly incessant conflict, Somalia is one of the most challenging environments in the world for humanitarian operations. The regional drought of late 2011 and early 2012 affected Somalia more than any other nation across eastern Africa, displacing millions and subjecting tens of thousands to famine in the hardest-hit regions. Ultimately, some two million people remain in crisis, with conflict and insecurity continuing to contribute to poor household food consumption and high malnutrition rates.
Somalia has been even further destabilized over the past few years as political tensions mount and security conditions deteriorate. Emergency humanitarian assistance is still critical in many parts of the country, despite the fact that a number of regions are now now under the control of Islamist militants, complicating the delivery of humanitarian assistance to populations in need.
The country is experiencing a prolonged and complex crisis characterized by conflict, displacement, drought and disease. Malnutrition rates are high: nearly one million children under the age of five are estimated to be acutely malnourished in 2019, of whom 138,200 severely malnourished. Key drivers
of malnutrition are food insecurity, lack of diverse diets, limited health services and inadequate access to water and sanitation.
The influx of people to urban areas puts a strain on already limited resources, while displaced populations face considerable challenges. Mothers searching for work may be forced to leave children without proper care. Many people lack access to appropriate shelter and sanitation and hygiene facilities.
In Somalia, we contributed to the reduction of undernutrition and common illnesses among children in Bakool, Banadir, and Nugaal, by providing integrated nutrition, health, and food security services, as well as water, sanitation, and hygiene services.
In 2018, 41,502 children under the age of five were admitted and treated for malnutrition, while 103,407 children were treated for minor illnesses. Furthermore, 45,734 pregnant and lactating women benefitted from training sessions. We reached 194,008 people with our water, sanitation, and hygiene programmes, including the rehabilitation and construction of 29 communal water sources, the construction of 324 emergency latrines, and hygiene promotion activities.
Our food security and livelihoods programmes benefitted 68,974 individuals, helping them to build resilience. We provided cash to help families purchase food and other items, improved the animal health network system to help herding families maintain their livelihoods, modernised agricultural practices, and provided opportunities for community groups to increase their savings.