Human Development Index
187 (out of 188 countries ranked)
People Helped in 2019: 747,746
People Reached by Nutrition and Health Programs
People Reached by Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Programs
People Reached by Food Security and Livelihoods Programs
A landlocked nation with little arable land for farming, Niger ranks among the world’s poorest countries, with subsistence agriculture and livestock accounting for 80 percent of Niger’s livelihoods. But agriculture in Niger is besieged by significant challenges, such as routine climate shocks (droughts and floods), poor soil quality, underdeveloped markets in seeds, fertilizers and other productive inputs, not to mention poor pasture lands for grazing animals.
With about 60% of Nigeriens living below the poverty line, household food consumption is a serious seasonal concern, as rampant food insecurity and hunger are chronic for significant swaths of Niger’s population. As a result, malnutrition rates are steep in Niger, affecting some 40% of all Nigerien children, and rates of deadly acute malnutrition at an alarming 10%.
Action Against Hunger has worked with vulnerable populations in Niger since 1997, improving livelihoods and income opportunities, fostering broader access to markets, providing seasonal cash-for-work programs, distributing productive assets like seeds and tools, and installing and rehabilitating water points and sanitation facilities.
Niger's border areas with Mali, Burkina Faso, and Nigeria are in a state of emergency. Despite limited humanitarian access due to security concerns on the border region of Lake Chad, it is still possible and necessary to provide assistance.
In 2019, Action Against Hunger teams responded to the crisis in the Maradi area, where beginning in August approximately 80,000 displaced people arrived after fleeing insecurity and conflict in Nigeria.
Due to worsening security conditions, Nigerian authorities are sporadically limiting humanitarian organizations’ access to border areas with Mali, Burkina Faso and Nigeria. Despite this, Action Against Hunger provided emergency health and nutrition assistance in Tahoua and Diffa.