Human Development Index
175 (out of 188 countries ranked)
People Helped in 2020: 407,394
People Reached by Nutrition and Health Programs
People Reached by Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Programs
People Reached by Food Security and Livelihoods Programs
In Mali, over half of the population lives below the international poverty line. Poverty in this country stems both from geographical and social problems. Two thirds of the country is a desert or semi-desert that experience long yearly periods of drought. While vulnerable populations in these areas already suffer from chronic food insecurity, the worsening droughts make it harder for people to cope with and recover from cyclical food shortages.
Widespread poverty, food insecurity, and instability from conflict have led to alarming numbers of childhood malnutrition. Malnutrition rates exceed the critical threshold on a national level, and the Sahel region of northern Mali is in a constant state of nutrition emergency. Malnutrition is the second leading cause of death in children under age five in the country.
The economic impact of the pandemic and the measures to control it have been disastrous for Mali. the country saw a sharp drop in growth and an increase in poverty. The global economic recession and its consequences for the national economy have led to an anticipated fall in the growth of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of more than 80%. For the first time in six years, GDP growth has lagged well behind population growth. This has driven 800,000 Malians into poverty.
After the first cases of COVID-19 were detected in Mali in March 2020, we adapted our programs and activities by mobilizing communities to comply with protective measures, such as masks, hand-washing, and social distancing. Our teams built the capacity of health structures, health workers, community leaders, and civil society organizations to better manage the pandemic. To mitigate the impact of the pandemic on livelihoods, we distributed COVID-19 kits and food assistance to community members.