People Helped in 2018: 2,342,881
In Mali, over half of the population lives below the international poverty line. Poverty in this country stems both from geographical and social problems. Two thirds of the country is a desert or semi-desert that experience long yearly periods of drought. While vulnerable populations in these areas already suffer from chronic food insecurity, the worsening droughts make it harder for people to cope with and recover from cyclical food shortages.
Widespread poverty, food insecurity, and instability from conflict have led to alarming numbers of childhood malnutrition. Malnutrition rates exceed the critical threshold on a national level, and the Sahel region of northern Mali is in a constant state of nutrition emergency. Malnutrition is the second leading cause of death in children under age five in the country.
In 2018, the situation in Mali was dominated by the presidential elections held between July and August. As in most of the countries of the Sahel, 2018 has been a year of crisis due to the shortage of pastures, which are fundamental to the livelihoods of most of the population. Additionally, the conflict in the north is already surpassing the borders of Niger and Burkina Faso.
Despite the difficulties imposed on our operations by the security context, we have managed to maintain a good level of access in our intervention areas this year. We provide both immediate assistance during emergencies and support for long-term development projects. We provide treatment for severely malnourished children, and support malnutrition management in public health facilities. To tackle the root causes of hunger, we have also implemented programs in food security and water, sanitation and hygiene.