Human Development Index
174 (out of 188 countries ranked)
People Helped in 2019: 957,988
People Reached by Nutrition and Health Programs
People Reached by Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Programs
People Reached by Food Security and Livelihoods Programs
Though Ethiopia’s economy has grown quickly in recent years, many of the country’s most vulnerable citizens have not experienced the benefits of this financial upturn and remain dependent on international aid. Owing to instability in bordering countries, particularly South Sudan, Ethiopia remains one of Africa’s leading host country for refugees.
Ethiopia experienced positive socio-political developments in 2019. At the same time, protracted and acute crises continued to disrupt the lives of a significant and growing number of people, causing widespread food and nutrition insecurity and forced displacement. Natural disasters, epidemics and livestock diseases further drove increased humanitarian needs.
In 2019, Ethiopia hosted 2.6 million internally displaced people and nearly 700,000 refugees. 39% of people had access to improved water sources and just 7% to safe sanitation. 8.5 million people faced severe acute food insecurity and, among children under five, 37% were chronically malnourished and 7% were acutely malnourished.
Last year, Action Against Hunger responded to multiple emergencies with integrated, multisectoral assistance including malnutrition treatment, mental health support, WASH services, gender and protection programs, support for food security and emergency livelihoods, and resilience-building activities.
Our teams prevented, detected, and treated malnourished South Sudanese refugee children and mothers. We conducted an innovative pilot project to reduce anemia among refugee children called the Toddler Care Group approach. Last year, we provided emergency cash transfers to 47,965 people. Our teams built and rehabilitated 37 water points and distributed 112,516 hygiene kits. We held education sessions through mother-to-mother support groups, reaching 21,284 mothers and infants, and provided mental health support to 143,000 people.