Central African Republic
People Helped in 2018: 199,642
The landlocked Central African Republic is one of the poorest nations in the world, located in an extremely volatile region and beset by constant political instability and upheaval, including a coup in 2013 when the government was overthrown amidst violence and looting. Given this instability, it has been extremely difficult to achieve economic growth or public health advances.
Conflict has restricted humanitarian access in the Central African Republic, one of the most dangerous countries in the world for aid workers. Calm has been restored to the capital city of Bangui, enabling the local economy to resume. However, in the southeast of the country, armed groups have flourished, taking control and resulting in intensified violence. In 2018, armed groups controlled 80% of all territory.
Insecurity restricts humanitarian access and causes mass displacement: one in five Central African people are currently displaced. The number of people in need has increased from 2.5 million to 2.9 million, of which 1.6 million people are urgently in need of humanitarian aid. Undernutrition is a major problem, with 39 out of 71 local districts experiencing severe acute malnutrition above the emergency threshold (2%).
In 2018, our strategy was based on two pillars: emergency and recovery. The emergency component included rapid response work across the country, including multi-sectoral assessments of humanitarian emergencies and distribution of household shelter kits. We also improved water, sanitation and hygiene and provided mental health support.
Our recovery work includes preventing and treating severe acute malnutrition and strengthening the skills and capacity of health personnel. We also aim to improve the food security of vulnerable households through agroecology, seed systems, and natural resource management projects.