Human Development Index
185 (out of 188 countries ranked)
People Helped in 2019: 706,367
People Reached by Nutrition and Health Programs
People Reached by Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Programs
People Reached by Food Security and Livelihoods Programs
Burkina Faso is a resource-poor, landlocked country whose struggling economy is heavily dependent on rainfed agriculture to support a massively expanding population amidst successive waves of floods and droughts. Beyond being confronted with rapid urbanization, widespread inflation, cholera outbreaks, and an AIDS pandemic, the country has also been buffeted by the regional food shortages and drought experienced across the Sahel, with low rainfall devastating agricultural yields and sending staple food prices skyrocketing by between 30-100%.
Food shortages and high prices have caused hunger for large segments of society, with reduced yields stretched to feed a growing local population and the thousands of refugees and returning residents fleeing instability in neighboring Mali. The prospects are troubling, as the country faces recurrent climate shocks, stagnating agricultural yields, poor access to markets and inputs, and widespread soil erosion.
In 2019, Burkina Faso experienced an unprecedented increase in humanitarian needs. The country, which was already very poor and has limited basic social services, saw large numbers of people displaced. Between June and August 2020, an estimated 1.8 million people were expected to be food insecure. In the hard-hit eastern region, about 7.5% of children are acutely malnourished.
Action Against Hunger's teams in Burkina Faso carried out health and nutrition activities and helped to reinforce community resilience. Through our advocacy efforts, we worked to strengthening the capacity of civil society actors to promote healthy nutrition practices.
We also launched severel emergency projects in 2019, helping to provide quick shelter, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), protection, and mental health support to displaced people and host communities. In collaboration with the World Food Program, we supported a food assistance project to help internally displaced people, and, together with UNICEF, we distributed key WASH supplies, as well as WASH support during nutrition interventions.