Burkina Faso

Population
18.1 million
Human Development Index
185 (out of 188 countries ranked)
Our Team
169 employees
Program Start
2008

People Helped in 2017: 269,627

129,028
People Reached by Nutrition and Health Programs 
79,084
People Reached by Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Programs 
60,693
People Reached by Food Security and Livelihoods Programs 

Burkina Faso is a resource-poor, landlocked country whose struggling economy is heavily dependent on rainfed agriculture to support a massively expanding population amidst successive waves of floods and droughts. Beyond being confronted with rapid urbanization, widespread inflation, cholera outbreaks, and an AIDS pandemic, the country has also been buffeted by the regional food shortages and drought experienced across the Sahel, with low rainfall devastating agricultural yields and sending staple food prices skyrocketing by between 30 -100 percent.

Food shortages and high prices have caused hunger for large segments of society, with reduced yields stretched to feed a growing local population and the thousands of refugees and returning residents fleeing instability in neighboring Mali. The prospects are troubling, as the country faces recurrent climate shocks, stagnating agricultural yields, poor access to markets and inputs, and widespread soil erosion. 

The country is seeing strong demographic growth, yet despite recent improvements, mother and child health indicators are still insufficient. Undernutrition is endemic, with acute malnutrition standing at 8.6 percent in 2017, down from 11.3 percent in 2009. The rains came early in 2017, signifying a high level of food vulnerability for 2018. More than 2.6 million people are food insecure.

Fighting Hunger in Burkina Faso

Action Against Hunger’s teams have been present in Burkina Faso since 2008, strengthening our support for undernutrition in anticipation of the lean season while continuing to address key vulnerabilities in nutrition and health, livelihoods and food security, and water, sanitation and hygiene. Our field teams established nine projects in 2017, three of them research projects. We are committed to mitigating the consequences of nutrition insecurity by improving health systems. To increase resilience, our teams promoted income-generating activities, diversified livelihoods, implemented economic recovery projects, and put programs in place that provide access to clean water and food. We also organized disaster preparedness and climate change adaptation activities to protect rural populations.

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