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Niger

A landlocked nation with little arable land for farming, Niger ranks among the world’s poorest countries, with subsistence agriculture and livestock accounting for 80% of Niger’s livelihoods. But agriculture in Niger is besieged by significant challenges, such as routine climate shocks (droughts and floods), poor soil quality, underdeveloped markets in seeds, fertilizers and other productive inputs, not to mention poor pasture lands for grazing animals.

Mauritania

Mauritania is a vast desert—less than one percent of its land is usable for agriculture. The climate leaves very little opportunity for farmers, and makes the country more dependent on food imported from other countries, making many Mauritanians vulnerable to fluctuating food prices and problems of supply. Beyond high rates of food insecurity and malnutrition, Mauritania ranks poorly in terms of access to water and sanitation, as the majority of the country’s population is nomadic and has little regular access to basic necessities.

Mali

In Mali, over half of the population lives below the international poverty line. Poverty in this country stems both from geographical and social problems. Two thirds of the country is a desert or semi-desert that experience long yearly periods of drought. While vulnerable populations in these areas already suffer from chronic food insecurity, the worsening droughts make it harder for people to cope with and recover from cyclical food shortages.

Guinea

West Africa’s Guinea is one of the poorest countries on the continent, with significant segments of its population living in a precarious state with limited access to food and nutritional care. Guinea experiences routine instability and ongoing ethnic and political conflict exacerbated by the internal migration from rural areas to cities, with the capital Conakry expanding beyond its capacity.

Democratic Republic of the Congo

The Democratic Republic of Congo is one of the largest countries in Africa, with a population of 65 million people and the second largest land mass on the continent. Suffering decades of conflict, regional war, and political neglect, the scale of humanitarian needs in the D.R. Congo becomes clear when you understand that nearly 30% of all children under five suffer from undernutrition. Without treatment, many of these children will succumb to the deadly effects of hunger.

About Action Against Hunger | ACF International

Action Against Hunger is internationally recognized as a leader in the fight against global malnutrition. Action Against Hunger works to save the lives of malnourished children while providing communities with access to safe water and sustainable solutions to hunger. With over 30 years of expertise in emergency situations of conflict, natural disaster, and chronic food insecurity, Action Against Hunger runs life-saving programs in some 40 countries benefiting 5 million people each year.

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