A striking relationships exists between the HIV pandemic and the impact of inadequate water and sanitation resources. Infectious diseases stemming from poor sanitation and contaminated water sources complicate malnutrition and illness; for those with HIV, the impact and risk is even greater. Yet, as outlined in this report, Action Against Hunger | ACF International’s ongoing research and field work offer a range of proven, cost-effective solutions.
This Action Against Hunger | ACF International positioning paper consolidates and clarifies ACF’s approach to water, sanitation, and hygiene through a comprehensive understanding of the UN's Human Right to Water (HRTW). This was undertaken to increase the impact and sustainability of ACF’s programs in the water, sanitation and hygiene sector, and to use the HRTW as an advocacy tool in the service of saving lives by combating hunger and disease amongst vulnerable groups.
The concept of the “Right to Water” has emerged over the past few years, emphasizing a human-centered approach to meeting basic needs among vulnerable populations. The concept's scope gathered momentum in 2002 when the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR) adopted General Comment No. 15, which, for the first time, recognized the right to water as a fundamental human right.
As part of a humanitarian effort to address the AIDS pandemic, Action Against Hunger | ACF International works to mitigate the impact of HIV/AIDS on vulnerable communities. HIV has complicated the treatment of severe malnutrition, challenging traditional approaches and requiring substantial investments in field-based research. This publication makes an important contribution to understanding the linkages between HIV/AIDS and hunger by highlighting ACF's vital research in Malawi.
Commissioned by the Sahel Working Group—a network of high-profile international agencies including Oxfam, the British Red Cross, CARE International, Save the Children, and Action Against Hunger | ACF International—this report examines how vulnerability is understood and addressed in Mali, Niger, and Burkina Faso. Concerned that the specifics of the 2005 food crisis have obscured its persistent underlying causes, this report calls for smarter assistance if cyclical emergencies are to be overcome in the Sahel.
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