Peruvian agriculture occupies 15.9 million people, meaning 24.4% of the country’s economically active population. Participation in the market is extremely varied, ranging from major companies investing in irrigation agriculture for agro-export in the Costa region to peasant farming in the Sierra, usually aimed rather at produce for the domestic market. Agriculture produces 70% of the population’s calorie intake and 75% of proteins consumed, particularly through the production of rice, potatoes, cassava and sugar, but also milk products, eggs, meat and pulses. The Peruvian Government has taken a proactive approach in addressing malnutrition having included it in the political agenda at the beginning of the 2000s. The government has made malnutrition one of the priorities of social policies and has implemented and overseen a series of multisectoral social programmes, while creating numerous other institutions to tackle the issue of malnutrition. The Government continues to be involved in ending undernutrtion, and more recently the Ministry of Agriculture (MINAG) has also joined fight.
Action Against Hunger’s international network produces a variety of published works from context analysis and regional assessments to community surveys and field reports.
In 2013, 870 million people are still undernourished while 2 billion people are affected by micronutrient malnutrition or "hidden hunger". Agriculture is a major component of local food systems, these systems allow people to produce, transform, distribute and consume food. Making agricultural policies deliver better nutrition represents one of the greatest challenges as well as one of the greatest opportunities to achieving good nutrition for the hungry and undernourished people of the world. This report aims to assess to what extent the global agenda on nutrition and agriculture is actually translating into action at country level, based on three country case studies conducted in Burkina Faso, Kenya, and Peru. The report aims to answer three main questions: -- (1) How do national agricultural policies integrate nutritional issues? (2) What are the main constraints to agricultural policies improving efforts to end undernutrition? (3) How best could these constraints be alleviated?
This study analyzes the integration of nutrition concerns into agricultural and food security interventions in Kenya, and is part of a wider study that includes Burkina Faso and Peru. The study answers the following three questions: (1) How do agricultural policies and programmes integrate nutritional issues? (2) What are the main constraints to designing and implementing nutrition-sensitive agricultural interventions? (3) What could be the main recommendations to alleviate these constraints? Today, over 10 million people in Kenya (around 32% of the total population) suffer from chronic food insecurity which affects approximately 35% of children under ﬁve years of age. This issue has seen little to no improvement since 1998 due to differences in vision, between the Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation (MoPHS) and the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA), which still continues to delay the issue. While the issue has a solid framework through Kenya’s introduction of new policy’s and inclusion into the SUN network, cooperation continues to cause issues leading to a lack of improvement.
2013 will be a critical year in the scaling-up of nutrition investments. Compared to the scale of the problem, current investments in proven nutrition interventions remain inadequate and new strategies to increase donors commitments and raise additional funds are required to ensure the needs of millions of children are met. In this context, we feel urgent to mobilize further research on the development of innovative financing mechanisms for nutrition.
- The countries actively involved in the fight against undernutrition, donors and Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN) countries, should further investigate innovative solutions to raise funds. The SUN movement’s current work on increasing resource mobilization could be an ideal occasion to integrate innovative financing mechanisms for nutrition as a strategic objective.
- The UK Presidency of G8 2013 and all actors committed to make nutrition a priority should developinnovative financing solutions to provide the scale of funding required to support nutrition, with a specific focus on acute malnutrition interventions.
- The terms of reference of the new “Innovative Facility for Agriculture, Food Security and Nutrition” shouldtake into account nutrition issues and create the conditions for the design and operationalization of innovative financing mechanisms for specific nutrition interventions.
- Governments that are planning to set up FTTs in 2013 must increase their contribution to development and integrate nutrition as a priority sector.