Peruvian agriculture occupies 15.9 million people, meaning 24.4% of the country’s economically active population. Participation in the market is extremely varied, ranging from major companies investing in irrigation agriculture for agro-export in the Costa region to peasant farming in the Sierra, usually aimed rather at produce for the domestic market. Agriculture produces 70% of the population’s calorie intake and 75% of proteins consumed, particularly through the production of rice, potatoes, cassava and sugar, but also milk products, eggs, meat and pulses. The Peruvian Government has taken a proactive approach in addressing malnutrition having included it in the political agenda at the beginning of the 2000s. The government has made malnutrition one of the priorities of social policies and has implemented and overseen a series of multisectoral social programmes, while creating numerous other institutions to tackle the issue of malnutrition. The Government continues to be involved in ending undernutrtion, and more recently the Ministry of Agriculture (MINAG) has also joined fight.
Action Against Hunger’s international network produces a variety of published works from context analysis and regional assessments to community surveys and field reports.
In 2013, 870 million people are still undernourished while 2 billion people are affected by micronutrient malnutrition or "hidden hunger". Agriculture is a major component of local food systems, these systems allow people to produce, transform, distribute and consume food. Making agricultural policies deliver better nutrition represents one of the greatest challenges as well as one of the greatest opportunities to achieving good nutrition for the hungry and undernourished people of the world. This report aims to assess to what extent the global agenda on nutrition and agriculture is actually translating into action at country level, based on three country case studies conducted in Burkina Faso, Kenya, and Peru. The report aims to answer three main questions: -- (1) How do national agricultural policies integrate nutritional issues? (2) What are the main constraints to agricultural policies improving efforts to end undernutrition? (3) How best could these constraints be alleviated?
This study analyzes the integration of nutrition concerns into agricultural and food security interventions in Kenya, and is part of a wider study that includes Burkina Faso and Peru. The study answers the following three questions: (1) How do agricultural policies and programmes integrate nutritional issues? (2) What are the main constraints to designing and implementing nutrition-sensitive agricultural interventions? (3) What could be the main recommendations to alleviate these constraints? Today, over 10 million people in Kenya (around 32% of the total population) suffer from chronic food insecurity which affects approximately 35% of children under ﬁve years of age. This issue has seen little to no improvement since 1998 due to differences in vision, between the Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation (MoPHS) and the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA), which still continues to delay the issue. While the issue has a solid framework through Kenya’s introduction of new policy’s and inclusion into the SUN network, cooperation continues to cause issues leading to a lack of improvement.
"The State of Global SAM Management Coverage 2012” , an annex to the Global Global SAM Management Update, Update, was produced jointly by UNICEF, ACF-UK and the Coverage Monitoring Network. The annex was designed to encourage further debate, discussion and research by reviewing the availability, accessibility and coverage of SAM management worldwide and providing a brief summary of opportunities and challenges ahead. The data was drawn from both UNICEF’s indirect national coverage data collection initiative, and the Coverage Monitoring Network’s national and sub-national direct coverage data collection work. The need to strengthen routine SAM management data as well as refine current coverage definitions and ultimately improve estimates of treatment coverage are some of the key findings of this report.
The objective of this study is to analyze the inclusion of nutritional issues in the development, implementation, monitoring and institutional governance of agricultural policy and food security in Burkina Faso, whose main operational reference framework is the National Programme Sector Rural (NRHP). Through the development of the NRHP, the integration of nutrional concerns came to the attention of the government. The first part of the report presents the national context of Burkina Faso and the links between agriculture, food and manlnutrition, while the second part discusses the role that the government plays in the fight against undernutrtion in connection with agriculture. Agriculture is the primary economic sector and largest employer int he country (86% of the workforce), and chronic malnutrition affects 32.9% of children under 5 years while anemia affects more than 90% of them. The national policy to fight against malnutrition has been strengthened since 2007 in Burkina Faso, principally through the health sector, and a coordination of efforts around nutrition has been established and includes other key sectors bringing positive results.