Nutrition and Health
Today, undernutrition is the single greatest threat to child survival worldwide and the underlying cause of nearly half of all child deaths. Evidence proves that good nutrition in the first 1,000 days between pregnancy and a child's second birthday, (the critical "window of opportunity"), builds a strong immune system, ensures healthy physical and intellectual development, and "supercharges" a child's chances of survival.
Action Against Hunger's expertise in preventing and treating undernutrition is internationally renowned, due to our more than 35 years of operational experience in parts of the world where hunger is most severe and entrenched. We have contributed to the development of revolutionary nutrition products and conducted field testing of treatment protocols that are now international best practice. From isolated rural communities to overcrowded urban slums to refugee camps, Action Against Hunger works to prevent and treat undernutrition in over 45 countries around the world. We work in humanitarian emergencies and in more stable contexts to improve the health and survival of the most vulnerable children under the age of five, as well as pregnant women and nursing mothers.
What We Do
Gather, Analyze, and Share Data on Undernutrition
To determine prevalence and the root causes of undernutrition in each local context, we analyze both indirect and direct factors and conduct rigorous assessments. Gathering, analyzing, and sharing this data is essential to guiding an effective, relevant response.
Treat Acute Undernutrition
We refer acutely undernourished children who show signs of complications for inpatient care. We provide local, accessible, easy-to-reach outpatient treatment for acutely undernourished children without medical complications through a highly effective approach known as "community management of acute malnutrition," (also called CMAM).
We work to prevent chronic and acute undernutrition through an integrated approach that addresses both the direct and underlying causes. In emergencies, we work to ensure that vulnerable children under five, pregnant women, and nursing mothers have access to supplementary food to meet their nutritional needs and prevent them from becoming undernourished.
We also work to educate and support mothers about the importance of breastfeeding for the first six months, and work to improve care and feeding practices to ensure children from six months of age to five years receive adequate micronutrients and protein for healthy development. Our programs also provide pregnant women and new mothers with peer support groups, facilitated by heath workers, to encourage and promote good nutrition, hygiene, sanitation, and care practices for mothers, infants, and young children.
Strengthen Local Capacity and Build Resilience
We train local health care workers and partners to screen and treat undernutrition, and we provide technical expertise and support to strengthen local health systems. In severe humanitarian emergencies, we sometimes directly deliver emergency nutrition programs to provide lifesaving treatment to acutely undernourished children, but our aim is to transfer our knowledge, work in partnership with communities, and strengthen what is already working via local health care services to ensure sustainable impact. We also work in more stable contexts, and after crises subside, to build communities' resilience to hunger and mitigate the causes and consequences of undernutrition.
- At least 17 million children suffer from severe acute undernutrition around the world: severe acute malnutrition is the direct cause of death for about 1 million children every year.
- In just five years, the number of acutely undernourished children receiving treatment globally has tripled: increasing from just over one million in 2009 to over three million in 2014. However, only a third of acutely malnourished children worldwide currently have access to treatment.
- $45 can provide a full course of life-saving treatment for an undernourished child.
Our Impact in Health, Nutrition, and Care Practices
In 2016, our health programs reached 3.6 million people. Our care practices programs reached 930,924 people. Our nutrition programs benefitted 1.5 people around the world. Examples of our impact in health, nutrition, and care practices include:
- 2,475,605 people in Nigeria
- 98,242 people in Yemen
- 440,875 people in Ethiopia