People Helped in 2014: 349,498
In July 2011, South Sudan achieved independence from the Republic of Sudan and became the world’s newest country. It has vast oil reserves, and comprises one of the richest agricultural areas in Africa, despite having struggled for more than two decades with war and extreme poverty.
Although its independence was celebrated around the world with great hope, South Sudan is desperately underdeveloped, with very little basic infrastructure for education, health systems, safe water, functioning markets, or paved roads. About 80 percent of the population live in rural areas and rely on livestock and subsistence farming to survive.
South Sudan was thrown back into a full-scale civil war in December 2013 after tensions erupted between government and opposition forces. The fragile country has become engulfed in a severe humanitarian crisis: 720,000 people have fled to neighboring countries as refugees, and 1.69 million people have been uprooted internally.
In 2015, ongoing conflict—worsened by crop deficits, shortages of basic food staples, and inadequate rain—contributed to unprecedented levels of hunger and acute undernutrition. At the time of the printing of this report, 2.8 million people—nearly 25 percent of the country's population—urgently required food assistance to meet their basic survival needs, and at least 40,000 people in conflict zones faced a “catastrophic” hunger crisis. United Nations agencies warned that 5.8 million people, or nearly half of the country's population, were struggling with some level of food insecurity.
Action Against Hunger first launched operations in South Sudan in 1985. We are currently meeting the urgent humanitarian needs of populations in four states: Jonglei, Northern Bahr el Ghazal, Warrap, and Central Equatoria (Juba).
What We Achieved in 2015
We responded to a massive nutrition and food crisis, providing 349,498 people with lifesaving humanitarian assistance.
Emergency Nutrition and Health: 31,054 (nutrition); 41,500 (health); 15,042 (mental health)
- Mobilized expert emergency teams to save lives: Action Against Hunger mobilized its Multisectoral Emergency Team (MET) to deliver direct, specialized emergency interventions to treat and prevent undernutrition in extremely vulnerable communities in conflict areas.
- Gathered critical data to identify populations in need: We deployed our Surveillance and Evaluation Team (SET) to assess the nutrition status of at-risk populations through specialized surveys, data analysis, and validation.
- Provided treatment to 31,000 undernourished children: Our nutrition programs and health education services for pregnant women and new mothers helped improve the nutrition and survival of vulnerable children under the age of five.
Food Security and Livelihoods: 39,634
- Partnered with displaced families to plant vegetable gardens for food and income:
- Provided cash-for-work to meet urgent food needs
Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene: 222,268
- Promoted hygiene and prevented the spread of cholera: Our teams repaired and rebuilt water sources in cholera-affected areas, held mass cholera-awareness sessions, and trained local partners to respond to outbreaks.
- Ensured access to safe water and sanitation: To meet the immediate, short-term needs of people in crisis, we delivered emergency supplies of clean water and built emergency latrines. To meet longer-term needs, we built new latrines, pumps, and wells to provide sustainable sources of sanitation and clean water in communities with poor infrastructure.
South Sudan: Key Facts
GDP per capita: $$1,965
Population: 11.7 million
Area: 619,745 sq km (239,285 sq miles)
Life expectancy: 55.7
Child mortality: 99.2 per 1,000 live births
Undernutrition for children under five: 31.1%
Ranking in UN Human Development Index: 169 (out of 188)
This year, I interacted with and witnessed the needs of the most vulnerable communities in South Sudan. It isn’t easy to be a humanitarian worker. But to me, it is a privilege. Many people have nowhere to turn, if not to humanitarian aid. Their expectations—and the sense of responsibility we feel—are huge.”
—Victor Mallelah, Action Against Hunger Emergency Nutrition Survey Program Manager, South Sudan